Abutilon fruticosum, Abutilon denticulatum, Mallow Desert, Texas Indian mallow,
Hebrew: אבוטילון השיח, Arabic: أبو طيلون الشجيري

Scientific name:  Abutilon fruticosum Guill. & Perr.
Synonym name:  Abutilon denticulatum (Fresen.) Webb
Common name:  Mallow Desert, Indian mallow, Texas Indian mallow
Hebrew name:  אבוטילון השיח
Arabic name:  أبو طيلون الشجيري ,'abu tilun alshajiri
Family:  Malvaceae, Mallow Family, משפחה חלמיתיים

Abutilon fruticosum, Abutilon denticulatum, Texas Indian mallow, אבוטילון השיח,  أبو طيلون الشجيري
Richard, A., Tentamen florae Abyssinicae, Atlas, t. 15 (1851)

Life form:  Perennial herb or shrub
Stems:  Up to 1 m tall
Leaves:  All parts greyish tomentose with very short stellate hairs, rarely also with long simple hairs; alternate , entire, crenate or serrate margin, stipule
Inflorescence:  Solitary in leaf axils or on short axillary branches
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; epicalyx absent; petals 7–17 mm long, yellow; stigmas terminal,capitate
Fruits / pods:  Schizzocarp; mericarps arranged in a single whorl; seeds c. 2 mm long, papillose.
Flowering Period:  Januar, Februar, March, April, May
Habitat:  Desert, Thermophilous plants
Distribution:  Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts
Chorotype:  Sudanian
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Derivation of the botanical name:
Abutilon from the Arabic name for a plant ’abū-ṭīlūn (أبو طيلون).
fruticosum, frutex, shrub, bush; fruticosum, shrubby, bushy.
denticulatum, with very small teeth, slightly toothed.
The Hebrew name אבוטילון, abutilon transliteration from the scientific name, from Arabic.
  • The standard author abbreviation Guill. is used to indicate Jean Baptiste Antoine Guillemin (1796 – 1842), a French botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Perr. is used to indicate George Samuel Perrottet (1793 – 1870), a Swiss-born, French botanist and horticulturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Fresen. is used to indicate Johann Baptist Georg Wolfgang Fresenius (1808 - 1866), a German physician and botanist, known for his work in the field of phycology.
  • The standard author abbreviation Webb is used to indicate Philip Barker Webb (1793 – 1854), an English botanist.