|Scientific name:||Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.|
|Synonym name:||Mimosa farnesiana; Vachellia farnesiana (L.) Willd.|
|English name:||Sweet acacia, Needle Bush, Cassie, Huisache|
|Hebrew name/שם עברי:||שיטת המשוכות|
|Arabic name/الاسم العربي:||سنط عربي|
|Plant Family:||Mimosaceae, Mimosa Family, שיטיים|
|Leaves:||Alternate, bipinnate or more, smooth|
|Flowers:||Hermaphrodite (with stamens and pistil(s)), Orange petals; flowers provide a fragrant essential oil which is used in the perfume industry as a violet scent substitute|
|Fruits / pods:||Pods contain 23 percent tannin, a glucoside of ellagic acid, and are used for tanning leather|
|Flowering Period:||Spring, Summer|
|Habitat:||Cultivated areas, Disturbed habitats|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Acacia, from the Greek word akis, meaning a point or a barb.
farnesiana, named after the Farnese Gardens in Italy where it was first cultivated in 1611 (the gardens were laid out in the 16th century by Vignola for Cardinal Alessandro Farnese and were completed by Rainaldi).
The hebrew word: שיטה, shittah (Acacia, tree and a wood), borrowed from Arabic sant, سنط, in ancient Egyptian: Sndt, Sntt.
Perfume is extracted from the flowers in form of concrete or pomade. Grasse, France is the mimosa capital of the world, and the harvest is a special time of year. From couturier Hubert de Givenchy comes a feminine fragrance created in celebration of the mimosa harvest: Givenchy’s Amarige Harvest Collection.
Acacia farnesiana, Mimosa farnesiana, Vachellia farnesiana, is an American plant, only recently introduced into the area, and could not possibly be "a plant of the Bible."
And...more names: Cassie, Cassy, Dead Finish, Farnese Wattle, Mimosa Wattle, Mimosa Bush, Prickly Mimosa Bush, Prickly Moses, Needle Bush, North-west Curara, Sheep’s Briar, Sponge Wattle, Sweet Acacia, Thorny Acacia, Thorny Feather-wattle, Wild Briar.