Alhagi graecorum, Alhagi maurorum, Camelgrass, Persian Manna Plant,
Hebrew: הגה מצויה, Arabic: العاقول الإغريقي, Egypt: عقول " 'Aqoul"

Scientific name:  Alhagi graecorum Boiss.
Synonym name:  Alhagi maurorum Medicus
Common name:  Camelgrass, Camel's thorn, Persian Manna Plant
Hebrew name:   הגה מצויה
Arabic name:  عاقول, العاقول الإغريقي "'Aqoul"
Egypt:  عقول " 'Aqoul"
Family:  Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

Wildflowers of Israel, wildflowers, Israel, Fleurs sauvages, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры, Flores Silvestres

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte
Spinescence:  Stems
Stems:  Up to 80cm high, woody at the base in old specimens, glabrous or sparingly hairy, with long creeping stolons; stems erect or ascending, much branched, twigs spiny at their tips
Leaves:  Alternate, entire, oblong-elliptic or obovate, sessile or short-petioled
Inflorescence:  Flowers axillary or on spiny twigs, short-pedicelled
Flowers:  Calyx 3-4mm long, with short teeth; corolla pink (dark), violet, 10-12mm long; ovary silky-hairy
Fruits / pods:  Indehiscent pod, 1-3.5cm long, 3-8-seeded, cylindrical, curved, constricted between the seeds; seeds reniform, brownish, smooth
Flowering Period:  April, May, June, July, August, September
Habitat:   Salty habitats, Disturbed habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Alhagi graecorum, Alhagi maurorum, Camelgrass, Persian Manna Plant, הגה מצויה


Derivation of the botanical name:
Alha'gi, Arabic for "pilgrim".
graecorum, "Greece".
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885),a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Medicus. is used to indicate Friedrich Kasimir Medikus (1736 – 1808), a German physician and botanist.
The term 'Manna' is applied to the saccharine exudence of a number of plants, e.g. Quercus Vallones and persica (Oak Manna); Alhagi maurorum (Alhagi Manna), Tamarix gallica, var. mannifera (Tamarisk Manna); Larix Europaea (Briancon Manna).

Alhagi manna (Persian and Arabic tar-angubin, also known as terendschabin and Taranjabiti, Taranjabiti) is the produce of Alhagi maurorum.
This manna occurs in the form of small, roundish, hard, dry tears, varying from the size of a mustard seed to that of a coriander, of a lightbrown colour, sweet taste, and senna-like odour. The spines and pods of the plant are often mixed with it.

Tamarisk manna (Persian gaz-angubin, tamarisk honey) exudes in June and July from the slender branches of Tamarix gallica, var. mannifera, in the form of honey-like drops, which, in the cold temperature of the early morning, are found in the solid state. This secretion is caused by the puncture of an insect, Coccus manniparus.
The manna of the Biblical narrative, notwithstanding the miraculous circumstances which distinguish it from anything now known, answers in its description very closely to the tamarisk manna.

Alhagi graecorum, Alhagi maurorum, Camelgrass, Persian Manna Plant, הגה מצויה


Alhagi graecorum, Alhagi maurorum, Camelgrass, Persian Manna Plant, הגה מצויה


Flora of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine