Allium curtum, Dwarf Garlic,
Hebrew: שום קצר, Arabic: ثوم قصير

Scientific name:  Allium curtum Boiss. & Gaill.
Common name:  Dwarf Garlic
Hebrew name:   שום קצר
Arabic name:  ثوم قصير
Family:  Amaryllidaceae, נרקיסיים
Subfamily:  Allioideae (formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae)
Tribe:  Allieae (comprises a single genus, Allium)
Genus:  Allium, שום

Israel Wild Flowers - פרחים בישראל

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Herbaceous stem
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire, smooth
Flowers:   Purple, green
Flowering Period:   March, April, May
Habitat:  Sand
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:   Ephemeral

Allium curtum, שום קצר


Derivation of the botanical name:
Allium, onion, chive and garlic. From the classical Latin name for garlic.
curtum, curtus, curt, shortened, short.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 - 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Gaill.is used to indicate Charles Gaillardot (1814 - 1883), a French surgeon and botanist.
Allium curtum resembles Allium rotundum in height.