Allium erdelii, Allium philistaeum, Erdel's garlic,
Hebrew: שום ארדל, Arabic: ثوم شفاف

Scientific name:  Allium erdelii Zucc.
Scientific name:  Allium philistaeum Boiss.
Common name:  Erdel's garlic
Hebrew name:  שום ארדל
Arabic name:  ثوم شفاف
Family:  Amaryllidaceae, נרקיסיים
Subfamily:  Allioideae (formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae)
Tribe:  Allieae (comprises a single genus, Allium)
Genus:  Allium, שום

Israel Wild Flowers

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Herbaceous; 25 cm high; stem of the currant season's plant die
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire, smooth
Flowers:  Cream
Fruits / pods:  Capsules, dehiscence loculicidal; seeds black, rounded shape
Flowering Period:  February, March, April
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Allium erdelii, Allium philistaeum, Erdel's garlic,ثوم شفاف  ,שום ארדל


Derivation of the botanical name:
Allium, onion, chive and garlic. From the classical Latin name for garlic.
erdelii, named for Michael Pius Erdl (1815-1845), German physiologist and anatomist who traveled wiith zoologist Johannes Rudolph Roth and physician and naturalist Gotthilf Heinrich von Schubert in 1836-7.
philistaeum, from Philistine.
  • The standard author abbreviation Zucc. is used to indicate Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini (1797-1848), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810–1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.

Allium erdelii, Allium philistaeum, Erdel's garlic,ثوم شفاف  ,שום ארדל