Allium orientale, Allium nigrum, Oriental garlic,
Hebrew: שום מזרחי, Arabic: بصيلة , ثوم الشرق

Scientific name:  Allium orientale Boiss.
Scientific name:  Allium nigrum subsp. cyrilli (Ten.) Fiori
Common name:  Oriental Garlic
Hebrew name:  שום מזרחי
Arabic name:  بصيلة , ثوم الشرق
Family:  Amaryllidaceae, נרקיסיים
Subfamily:  Allioideae (formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae)
Tribe:  Allieae (comprises a single genus, Allium)
Genus:  Allium, שום

Israel, Nature, Travel, Wildflowers

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  cylindrical 0.4-0.6 cm; 10-40 cm high
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, leaves about as long as stem or longer, linear to lorate, not more than 20mm wide
Inflorescence:  Umbel 3-5cm in diameter, hemipherical, many-flowered; pedicels 1-2.5cm
Flowers:  Perfectly white to pale rose flowers, fragrant, filaments 4-5mm; anthers yellowish
Fruits / pods:  Capsule globose; 5-6x5-6mm
Flowering Period:  February, March, April
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Allium orientale, Oriental onion, שום מזרחי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Allium, onion, chive and garlic. From the classical Latin name for garlic.
orientale, "eastern, oriental"; of the East.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.

Allium orientale, Oriental garlic,بصيلة , ثوم الشرق ,שום מזרחי


Flora of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine