Allium tel-avivense, Tel Aviv Garlic,
Hebrew: שום תל-אביב, Arabic: الثوم اليافاوي

Scientific name:  Allium tel-avivense Eig
Common name:  Tel Aviv Garlic
Hebrew name:  שום תל-אביב
Arabic name:  الثوم اليافاوي
Family:  Amaryllidaceae, נרקיסיים
Subfamily:  Allioideae (formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae)
Tribe:  Allieae (comprises a single genus, Allium)
Genus:  Allium, שום

פרחי בר בישראל, טבע, תמונות

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  12-25cm
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire
Flowers:  Pink
Fruits:  capsular, dehiscence loculicidal; Seeds black, obovoid, finely cellular-reticulate, cells smooth or minutely roughened, with 1-8 papillae, without caruncle
Flowering Period:  March
Habitat:  Sand
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediteranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Allium tel-avivense, Tel Aviv Garlic, שום תל-אביב


Derivation of the botanical name:
Allium, onion, chive and garlic. From the classical Latin name for garlic.
tel-avivense from Tel Aviv.
  • The standard author abbreviation Eig is used to indicate Alexander Eig (1894 – 1938), a botanist, one of the first plant researchers in Israel, head of department for Botanics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and co-founder of Jerusalem Botanical Gardens on Mount Scopus.
Allium tel-avivense is closely related to Allium aschersonianum, with a larger inflorescence and a shorter stalk; it is endemic to coastal Israel.

Allium tel-avivense, Tel Aviv Garlic, שום תל-אביב


Flora of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine


Allium tel-avivense, Tel Aviv Garlic, שום תל-אביב


Allium tel-avivense, Tel Aviv Garlic, שום תל-אביב