Allium trifoliatum, Allium hirsutum,
Hirsute garlic, Pink garlic,
Hebrew: שום שעיר, Arabic: الثوم ثلاثي الأوراق

Scientific name:  Allium trifoliatum Cirillo
Synonym name:  Allium hirsutum Zucc.
Common name:  Hirsute garlic, Pink garlic
Hebrew name:  שום שעיר
Arabic name:  الثوم ثلاثي الأوراق
Family:  Amaryllidaceae, נרקיסיים
Subfamily:  Allioideae (formerly treated as a separate family, Alliaceae)
Tribe:  Allieae (comprises a single genus, Allium)
Genus:  Allium, שום

Israel Wildflowers, Wildblumen, Fiori, флоры

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Leafless cylindrical flower stalk, 15-45cm
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire, sparsely hairy
Inflorescence:  Umbel 2.5-4cm in diameter, fastigiate; pedicels up to 20mm, 1.5-3 times as long as perianth-segments
Flowers:  White, perianth stellate, segments 7-10mm, stamens half as long as perianth, filaments 4-5mm; anthers yellowish
Fruits:  Capsule 4-5mm
Flowering Period:   March, April
Habitat:   Mediterranean maquis and forest
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Israel, Nature, Travel, Wildflowers

Derivation of the botanical name:
Allium, onion, chive and garlic. From the classical Latin name for garlic.
trifoliatum, tri, "three"; foliatus, "provided with or having leaves"; 3 leaved.
The Hebrew word: שום, shum, Akkadian: sumu; Aramaic: Thomas; שום, אכדית: sumu; ארמית: תומא
  • The standard author abbreviation Cirillo is used to indicate Domenico Cirillo (Grumo Nevano,1739 – Naples, 1799), an Italian physician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Zucc. is used to indicate Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini (1797 - 1848), a German botanist.
Allium trifoliatum / Allium hirsutum is a similar species to Allium neapolitanum, but with hairy leaves that grows in scrub and maquis.

Allium trifoliatum, Allium hirsutum Zucc., Pink Garlic, Hirsute garlic, שום שעיר