Amaranthus viridis, Amaranthus gracilis,
Pig Weed, Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth,
Hebrew: ירבוז עדין, Arabic: عرف الديك

Scientific name:  Amaranthus viridis L.
Synonym name:  Amaranthus gracilis Desf.
Common name:  Pig Weed, Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth
Hebrew name:  ירבוז עדין
Arabic name:  عرف الديك
Family:  Amaranthaceae, ירבוזיים

Flowers in Israel (Israel Wildflowers and Native Plants)

Life form:  Annual herb
Stems:  Green, often reddish; slender, cylindrical, smooth and striate
Leaves:  Alternate, long-petiolated
Flowers:  Monoecious, green, forming a glomerule or grouped in a spike; 3 linear or lanceolated sepals, 3 stamens. The pistillate flowers are at the base of the spike and are more numerous than staminate ones. The male flowers at the upper part of the spike have 5 stamens
Fruits / pods:  Ovoid capsule, indehiscent, 1.2mm long and 1mm large, with one seed. The upper side of the fruit has a short stigma divided into three-pieces
Flowering Period:  April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November
Habitat:  Cultivated areas (weeds)
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Plurireginalbor-trop
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Amaranthus viridis, Amaranthus gracilis, Pig Weed, Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth, ירבוז עדין


Derivation of the botanical name:
Amaranthus Greek amarantos αμαραντοϛ, "unfading," a never fading flower, referring to the long-lasting flowers.
viridis, green.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Desf. is used to indicate René Louiche Desfontaines (1750 – 1833), a French botanist.
Amaranthus viridis is used as vegetable.

Amaranthus viridis, Amaranthus gracilis, Pig Weed, Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth, ירבוז עדין