|Scientific name:||Anagallis arvensis L.|
|Common name:||Bird´s-Eye, Scarlet Pimpernel, Shepherd's Barometer, Poor man's weatherglass|
|Hebrew name:||Marganit ha-sadeh, עין התכלת, Ein ha-tekhelet, מרגנית השדה|
|Arabic name:||أناغالس حقلي|
|Egypt:||عين الجمل "Ain El-Gamal"|
|Life form:||Therophyte, annual|
|Stems:||fleshy; square in cross section|
|Inflorescence:||Flowers in axils of upper leaves; pedicels to 4cm long, recurved in fruit|
|Flowers:||Calyx lobes connate at the base; corolla blue or scarlet-red, petals dentate or entire, glandular-ciliate; glands numerous, 3-celled, the terminal cell globose; stamens with bearded filaments|
|Fruits / pods:||Round 5 ridged lid-capsule; capsules opposite, quite prolific along the stems, seeds papillose|
|Flowering Period:||March, April|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
|Chorotype:||Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Anagallis,(given by Dioscorides) from the Greek Anagelao, signifying 'to laugh,' from its use in treating depression.
arvensis, arvum, field, cultivated land, plowed land; ensis adjective suffix for nouns: country or place of origin or habitat. MeaningL: "of cultivated fields".
Pimpernel is from the Latin bipinnella, applied in the sixteenth century to plants with bipinnate leaves.
Several of the common names, " Shepherd's Barometer and poor man's weatherglass", relate to weather forecasting, since the flowers open and close with changing weather.
The Hebrew word: מרגנית, marganit, Aramaic: מרגניתא, from Ancient Greek μαργαρίτης (margarítēs), the Latin root margarīta has a Hellenistic Greek etymon (i.e. margarītes), which can be linked to the Iranian *mr̥ga-ahri-ita-.