Anchusa aggregata, Hormuzakia aggregata, Massed Alkanet,
Hebrew: לשון-פר מגובבת, Arabic: لسان الثور

Scientific name:  Anchusa aggregata Lehm.
Synonym name:  Hormuzakia aggregata (Lehm.) Gus., Anchusa humilis (Desf.) I.M.Johnst.
Common name:  Massed Alkanet
Hebrew name:  לשון-שור מגובבת
Arabic name:  لسان الثور
Family:  Boraginaceae, זיפניים

Flora en Israel: Anchusa aggregata, Hormuzakia aggregata, Massed Alkanet, لسان الثور, לשון-פר מגובבת

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  10-40 cm; hispid, ascending, branched
Leaves:  Alternate, entire
Inflorescence:  Axillary and terminal cymes, more or less capitate, wth subsessile flowers
Flowers:  Corolla, dark blue, violet; tube 6-8mm; limb c.5mm in diameter; stamens inserted at top of tube
Fruits / pods:  Nutlets c.3x4mm, hemispherical
Flowering Period:   January, February, March, April
Habitat:  Sand
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Israel wildflowers: Anchusa aggregata, Hormuzakia aggregata, Massed Alkanet, לשון-פר מגובבת


Derivation of the botanical name:
Anchusa, αγχουσα, a plant used for cosmetic as a rouge.
aggregata, to attach to, connect with; to bring together, collect, gather; meaning: clustered, joined together.
Hormuzakia, named for Constantin Freiherr von Hormuzaki (Czernowitz, Ukraine).
  • The standard author abbreviation Lehm. is used to indicate Johann Georg Christian Lehmann (1792 – 1860), a German botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Gusul. is used to indicate Mikail Gusuleac (1887-1960), a Romainian botanist.
The roots of Anchusa contain anchusin (or alkanet-red ), a red-brown resinoid coloring matter. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol, chloroform and ether.



Anchusa aggregata, Hormuzakia aggregata, Massed Alkanet, לשון-פר מגובבת


Flora en Israel: Anchusa aggregata, Hormuzakia aggregata, Massed Alkanet, לשון-פר מגובבת


Flora of Israel online


Flora of Israel online