Anchusa strigosa, Prickly Alkanet,
Hebrew: לשון-פר סמורה, Arabic: لسان الثور / حمحم

Scientific name:  Anchusa strigosa Banks et Solander
Common name:  Prickly Alkanet
Hebrew name:  לשון-פר סמורה
Arabic name:  لسان الثور / حمحم
Family:  Boraginaceae, זיפניים

 Anchusa strigosa, Prickly Alkanet, לשון-פר סמורה

Life form:   Hemicryptophyte
Spinescence:  Emergences
Stems:  Stout tuberculate-strigose; a few 40-100 cm long stems; very variable as far as the numbers of prickles on the stem is concerned
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire
Flowers:  Light blue, dark blue, white
Fruits / pods:  Nutlets 6-8 x 2-3 mm, oblong, erect
Flowering Period:   March, April, May, June
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Botany, Israel, Wildflowers

Derivation of the botanical name:
Anchusa, αγχουσα, a plant used for cosmetic as a rouge.
strigosa, striga, a straight rigid close-pressed rather short bristle-like hair; strigosa - covered with strigae, bristled.
The Hebrew name: לשון-פר, lashon-par, 'ox-tongue', the leaves have raised spots with short, hooked bristles, giving the leaves a very rough feeling (like an ox’s tongue, hence the name).
  • The standard author abbreviation Banks is used to indicate Joseph Banks (1743 – 1820), a British naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences.
  • The standard author abbreviation Solander is used to indicate Daniel Solander (1733 – 1782), a Swedish botanist.

See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.

Anchusa strigosa, Prickly Alkanet, לשון-פר סמורה

Flowers in Israel: Anchusa strigosa, Prickly Alkanet, לשון-פר סמורה