Antirrhinum siculum, Antirrhinum angustifolium, Snapdragon,
Hebrew: לוע-ארי סיצילי, Arabic: فم السمكة الصقلي

Scientific name:  Antirrhinum siculum Mill.
Scientific name:  Antirrhinum angustifolium Poir.
Common name:  Snapdragon
Hebrew name:   לוע-ארי סיצילי
Arabic name:  فم السمكة الصقلي
Family:  Scrophulariaceae, לועניתיים

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Life form:   Chamaephyte
Stems:  green glabrous, erect stems of about 20-50cm, basal branching, hirsute; main stem possess a yellow-cream inflorescence at the top
Leaves:  Alternate, entire
Flowers:  Short-stalked racemes; 5 sepals; white, cream and yellow bilaterally symmetrical corolla, 4 stamens,simple pistil
Fruits / pods:  Beige, indehiscent poricidal capsule; about 1mm long, dark reddish brown, oval seed
Flowering Period:   March, April, May, June
Habitat:  Walls
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Antirrhinum siculum, Antirrhinum angustifolium , Snapdragon, לוע-ארי סיצילי, فم السمكة الصقلي

Derivation of the botanical name:
Antirrhinum, from Greek anti (αντι), "like," and rhis (ριϛ, ινοϛ), "nose", inus (-ινοϛ), probably referring to the nose-like capsule in its mature state.
siculum, Siculus, of or pertaining to Sicily, Sicilian.
angustifolium, angustus, "drawn together, narrow"; folium, leaf; meaning narrow leaved.
The Romans called it leonis ora, or “lion’s mouth.” The Old French word for Snapdragon was muflier, or “snout”; the Italians called the flower bocca de leone, and the Germans Löwenmäul, which both mean “lion’s mouth.”
The Hebrew word: לוע-ארי, loah-arie, “lion’s mouth.”
  • The standard author abbreviation Mill. is used to indicate Philip Miller (1691 – 1771), a botanist of Scottish descent.
  • The standard author abbreviation Poir. is used to indicate Jean Louis Marie Poiret (1755 – 1834), a French clergyman, botanist and explorer.