Arum dioscoridis, Spotted arum,
Hebrew: לוף מנומר, Arabic: لوف ديوسقوريدس

Scientific name:  Arum dioscoridis Sm.
Common name:   Spotted arum
Hebrew name:  לוף מנומר
Arabic name:  لوف ديوسقوريدس
Family:  Araceae, לופיים

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Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  20-60 cm tall
Leaves:  Rosette, simple, smooth
Flowers:  No sepals or tepals
Fruits / pods:  Cluster of red-orange berries
Flowering Period:  March, April, May
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Arum dioscoridis,Spotted arum,לוף מנומר

Derivation of the botanical name:
Arum. The name "Aron," with the Greek termination, has been used in the most ancient times, having been applied by Hippocrates (c.460 - c.377 BCE), Theophrastus (370 - about 285 BCE), Dioscorides (ca. 40 - ca.90 CE) and Pliny (23 - 79 CE), but by the latter with the Latin termination (Arum).
dioscorides, to commemmorate Pedanius Dioscorides (Greek: Πεδάνιος Διοσκορίδης; ca. 40 - ca. 90), an ancient Greek physician, pharmacologist and botanist from Anazarbus, Cilicia, Asia Minor.
The Hebrew word: לןף, luf, from Aramaic: לופא, Lufa, Arabic: לופ, lup.
  • The standard author abbreviation Sm. is used to indicate Sir James Edward Smith (1759 – 1828), an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.

Arum dioscoridis,Spotted arum,לוף מנומר

Arum dioscoridis,Spotted arum,לוף מנומר,Poleg Gateway Nature Reserve, שמורת טבע פולג

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