Arum palaestinum, Palestine Arum,
Hebrew: לוף ארצישראלי, Arabic: اللوف الفلسطيني

Scientific name:  Arum palaestinum Boiss.
Common name:  Palestine Arum
Hebrew name:  לוף ארצישראלי
Arabic name:  اللوف الفلسطيني
Family:  Araceae, לופיים

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Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  20-60 cm tall
Leaves:  Rosette, entire
Flowers:  Purple
Fruits / pods:  Cluster of red-orange berries
Flowering Period:   March, April
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Arum palaestinum, Palestine Arum, לוף ארצישראלי, Al-Loof فوللا

Derivation of the botanical name:
Arum. The name "Aron," with the Greek termination, has been used in the most ancient times, having been applied by Hippocrates (c.460 - c.377 BCE), Theophrastus (370 - about 285 BCE), Dioscorides (ca. 40 - ca.90 CE) and Pliny (23 - 79 CE), but by the latter with the Latin termination (Arum).
palaestinum, from Palestine.
The Hebrew word: לןף, luf, from Aramaic: לופא, Lufa, Arabic: לופ, lup.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 - 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.

See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.