Ballota undulata, Common Ballota, Horehound,
Hebrew: גלונית מצויה , Arabic: رسا، خويخه

Scientific name:  Ballota undulata (Fresen.) Bentham
Common name:  Common Ballota, Horehound, Undulating Whorehound
Hebrew name:  גלונית מצויה
Arabic name:  رسا، خويخه
Family:  Labiatae (Lamiaceae), שפתניים

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Life form:  Chamaephyte
Stems:  woody base, many single hairy stems
Leaves:  Opposite, simple leaves, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  White connate petals
Fruits / pods:  Homogeneous seeds-fruits
Flowering Period:   April, May, June, July, August, September, October
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Ballota undulata, Common Ballota, Horehound,رسا، خويخه, גלונית מצויה


Derivation of the botanical name:
Ballota, Greek name for horehound.
undulata, undulated; wavy edged.
  • The standard author abbreviation Fresen. is used to indicate Johann Baptist Georg Wolfgang Fresenius (1808 - 1866), a German physician and botanist, known for his work in the field of phycology.
  • The standard author abbreviation Benth. is used to indicate George Bentham (1800 – 1884), an English botanist.