Bellevalia trifoliata,Hyacinthus trifoliatus,
Purple Roman squill, Turkish bellevalia,
Hebrew: זמזומית סגולה, Arabic: البلفية ثلاثية الوريقات

Scientific name:  Bellevalia trifoliata (Ten) Kunth
Synonym name:  Hyacinthus trifoliatus Ten.
Common name:   Purple Roman squill, Turkish bellevalia
Hebrew name:  זמזומית סגולה
Arabic name:  البلفية ثلاثية الوريقات
Family:  Liliaceae, שושניים

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Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  12-23 cm high; pink, violet color of the stem and pedicels
Leaves:  Rosette, simple, smooth
Flowers:  Raceme; flower-buds purple-violet; erect but arch down slightly after opening when the petals brown greenish
Fruits / pods:  Capsule, obtuse at apex; seeds rounded or occasionally pear-shaped, smooth, dull, black, but sometimes with a bluish bloom
Flowering Period:  February, March
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Bellevalia, named in honor of Pierre Richer de Belleval (1564-1632), who founded the Montpellier Botanic Garden in 1593.
trifoliata, tri, tres, three; foliatus, provided with or having leaves; 3 leaved.
  • The standard author abbreviation Ten. is used to indicate Michele Tenore (1780 – 1861), an Italian botanist active in Naples, Italy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Kunth is used to indicate Carl Sigismund Kunth (1788 – 1850), a German botanist.