Biscutella didyma, Buckler Mustard,
Hebrew: מצלתיים מצויות , Arabic: بسكوتيلا زوجية

Scientific name:  Biscutella didyma L.
Synonym name:  Biscutella columnae Ten., Biscutella ciliata DC., Biscutella apula L.
Common name  Buckler Mustard
Hebrew name:  מצלתיים מצויות
Arabic name:  بسكوتيلا زوجية
Plant Family:  Cruciferae / Brassicaceae, מצליבים

Biscutella didyma, Buckler Mustard, מצלתיים מצויות, بسكوتيلا زوجية

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  15-50 cm; erect, simple or branched, hirsute with stiff hairs
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette arrangement, entire dentate or serrate leaves
Flowers:  Yellow
Fruits / pods:  Silicula, a dry dehiscent fruit; fruit valves flat, orbicular, glabrous or pubescent with short clavate hairs, 1-seeded, indehiscent; radicles accumbent
Flowering Period:  January, February, March, April, December
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana, Shrub-steppes
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

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Derivation of the botanical name:
Biscutella, Latin, bis, twice; scutella, a small flat dish; in allusion to the form of the fruits.
didyma, Greek, didymos, διδυμοϛ, double; two fruited.
columnae, named for the 16th century Italian botanist Fabio Colonna (Latin: Fabius Columnus).
ciliata, fringed with hairs, ciliate.
apula, from Apulia, (now Puglia) north of Calabria, area in south-east Italy on the Adriatic Sea.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Ten. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation DC. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

מצילתיים מצויים, Biscutella didyma, Buckler Mustard, بسكوتيلا زوجية ,מצלתיים מצויות


Flora of Israel online, Native plants