Bongardia chrysogonum, Leontice chrysogonum, Bongardia rauwolfia,
Golden rod, Lady's nightcap,
Hebrew: כרבולתן השדות, Arabic: عريفة الديك، رجل الديك

Scientific name:  Bongardia chrysogonum (L.) Griseb.
Synonym name:  Bongardia olivieri C.A.Mey., Bongardia rauwolfii C.A.Mey., Leontice chrysogonum L.
Common name:   Golden rod, Lady's nightcap
Hebrew name:  כרבולתן השדות
Arabic name:  عريفة الديك، رجل الديك
Family:  Berberidaceae, ערטניתיים

Bongardia chrysogonum, Leontice chrysogonumת, Bongardia rauwolfia, Golden rod,Lady's nightcap,عريفة  الديك، رجل  الديك ,כרבולתן השדות

Life form:  Geophyte
Stems:  Branched, blue-green stems
Leaves:  All leaves basal, appearing from upper part of tuber, with long flexuous petioles
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; 5 petals, yellow
Fruits / pods:  Fruit inflated, pleated, indehiscent; seeds 2–3, globose, 3–5 mm diameter, without strophiole
Flowering Period:   February, March
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral
Protected Flower, צמח מוגן:  No

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל: דיווחי פריחה

Derivation of the botanical name:
Bongardia, named in honor of August G.H.Bongard (1786 - 1839), a German botanist
chrysogonum, chrysos, χρυσοϛ, gold; gone, γονη, origin, birth, conception; golden start.
olivieri, named in honor of Olivier Guillaume Antoine (1756 - 1814), a French naturalist.
rauwolfia, named in honor of Leonhard Rauwolf (1535 – 1596), a German physician, botanist and traveller.
Leontice, leon, λεων, οντιϛ, a lion; Lion's footprint (the shape of the leaf).
The Hebrew name: כרבולתן השדות, Carbultan hasadot, carbolet, a cock's comb; hasadot, the fields.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Griseb. is used to indicate August Heinrich Rudolf Grisebach (1814 –1879), a German botanist and phytogeographer.
  • The standard author abbreviation C.A.Mey. is used to indicate Carl Anton von Meyer (1795 – 1855), a Russian botanist and explorer.