Brassica nigra, Sinapis nigra, Black mustard, Shortpod mustard,
Hebrew: כרוב שחור, Arabic: البراسيكا السوداء, Egypt: لسبن "Lisban"

Scientific name:  Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch
Synonym name:  Sinapis nigra L.
Common name:  Black mustard, Shortpod mustard
Hebrew name:  כרוב שחור
Arabic name:  البراسيكا السوداء
Egypt:  لسبن "Lisban"
Family:  Cruciferae / Brassicaceae, מצליביפ

Brassica nigra, Sinapis nigra, Black mustard, Shortpod mustard, البراسيكا السوداء ,כרוב שחור

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  60 cm tall; usually glabrous and glaucous; sometimes they have scattered stiff hairs toward the base
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite, yellow
Fruits / pods:  Siliqua appressed to stem; reddish to dark brown; broadly oblong or slightly flattened; thick raised reticulations, glossy concave interspaces, and minute stipples
Flowering Period:  April, May, June, July
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral


Derivation of the botanical name:
Brassica, the classical Latin name for cabbage.
nigra, black.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation W.D.J.Koch is used to indicate Wilhelm Daniel Joseph Koch (1771-1849), a German physician and botanist.
The Romans are the first to be credited with making mustard in the way we know it today. They mixed the ground seeds with grape juice; the word "mustard" derives from mustum, "grape must," and ardens, "burning," mustum ardens- hence "must ard".

Bible resources:
  1. Matthew 13:31–32
    He told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his field. Though it is the smallest of all seeds, yet when it grows, it is the largest of garden plants and becomes a tree, so that the birds come and perch in its branches.
  2. Matthew 17:20
    He replied, “Because you have so little faith. Truly I tell you, if you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you.”
  3. Mark 4:30
    [ The Parable of the Mustard Seed ] Again he said, “What shall we say the kingdom of God is like, or what parable shall we use to describe it?
  4. Mark 4:31
    It is like a mustard seed, which is the smallest of all seeds on earth.
  5. Luke 13:18
    [ The Parables of the Mustard Seed and the Yeast ] Then Jesus asked, “What is the kingdom of God like? What shall I compare it to?
  6. Luke 13:19
    It is like a mustard seed, which a man took and planted in his garden. It grew and became a tree, and the birds perched in its branches.”
  7. Luke 17:6
    He replied, “If you have faith as small as a mustard seed, you can say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and planted in the sea,’ and it will obey you.