Bromus sterilis, Anisantha sterilis,Genea sterilis,
Barren brome, Poverty brome, Sterile brome,
Hebrew: ברומית עקרה, Arabic: شويعرة عقيمة

Scientific name:  Bromus sterilis L.
Synonym name:  Anisantha sterilis (L.) Nevski, Genea sterilis (L.) Dumort.
Common name:  barren brome, poverty brome, sterile brome
Hebrew name:  ברומית עקרה
Arabic name:  شويعرة عقيمة
Family:  Graminea (Poaceae), Grass Family, משפחת הדגניים

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Bromus sterilis, Anisantha sterilis, Genea sterilis, barren brome, poverty brome, sterile brome, ברומית עקרה, شويعرة عقيمة
Life form:  Annual
Spinescence:  non
Succulence:  non
Stems:  Culms 35-100 cm, erect or geniculate near the base, glabrous.
Leaves:  Sheaths densely pubescent; auricles absent; ligules 2-2.5 mm, glabrous, acute, lacerate; blades 4-20 cm long, 1-6 mm wide, pubescent on both surfaces.
Inflorescence:  A purplish or green panicle, lax, drooping, up to 15 cm long. Spikelet branches usually much longer than the spikelets.
Flowers:  Spikelets 20-25 mm long, 6- to 13-flowered, strongly compressed, glumes slightly unequal, glabrous with 1-3 veins. Lemma 13-20 mm with a dorsal awn 15-35 mm long. Disarticulating above the persistent glumes.
Fruits / pods:  Grain 10 mm long, normally enclosed to the palea, palea almost equalling lemma
Flowering Period:  April, May
Habitat:  Ruderal situations, on wastelands and roadsides
Distribution:   Mt. Hermon, Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Bromus sterilis, Anisantha sterilis, Genea sterilis, barren brome, poverty brome, sterile brome, ברומית עקרה,  شويعرة عقيمة


Derivation of the botanical name:
Bromus, from the Greek broma, "food", and bromos, "oat".
sterilis, infertile, sterile.
Anisantha, Greek anisos "enequal" and anthos "flower."
Genea, Greek genea "race, family, offspring, generation."
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Nevski is used to indicate Sergei Arsenjevic Nevski (1908 – 1938), a Russian botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Dumort. is used to indicate Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier (1797 – 1878), a Belgian botanist and Member of Parliament.

Bromus sterilis, Anisantha sterilis, Genea sterilis, barren brome, poverty brome, sterile brome, ברומית עקרה,  شويعرة عقيمة


Bromus sterilis, Anisantha sterilis, Genea sterilis, barren brome, poverty brome, sterile brome, ברומית עקרה,  شويعرة عقيمة