Bromus tectorum, Wall Brome Grass,
Hebrew: ברומית הגגות, Arabic: الشويعرة

Scientific name:  Bromus tectorum L.
Common name:  Wall Brome Grass, Cheatgrass
Hebrew name:  ברומית הגגות
Arabic name:  الشويعرة
Plant Family:  Gramineae (Poaceae), דגניים

Israel flowers, wildflowers, flora, Israel, Plants

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  Densely tufted, 5-60 cm tall; mostly erect, or spreading; not branched; At maturity, the plant has a reddish-purple color
Leaves:  Alternate, blades 5- 12 cm long, 1-7 mm wide; flat, hairy or not; sheaths closed and hairy
Flowers:  Dense, slender, drooping, onesided, 5-15 cm long; awns are purple at maturity and 12-14 mm long; spikelets numerous, hairy, narrow, on slender curved threadlike branches; each 3 to 7 florets
Flowering Period:  March, April, May
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Mediterranean - Irano-Turanian - Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Bromus tectorum, Wall Brome Grass,الشويعرة, ברומית הגגות


Derivation of the botanical name:
Bromus, from the Greek broma, "food", and bromos, "oat".
tectorum, roof; roofed building, shelter; of the roofs
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Bromus tectorum is distinguishable from other annual and perennial species of Bromus by its slender stems, hairy leaves, and the long-awned (bristly) spikelets on twisted branches.



Flora of Israel online