Calicotome villosa, Spiny Broom, Thorny Broom,
Hebrew: קידה שעירה, Arabic: الجربان, القندول

Scientific name:  Calicotome villosa (Poiret) Link
Common name:  Spiny Broom, Thorny Broom
Hebrew name:  קידה שעירה
Arabic name:  الجربان, القندول
Plant Family:  Papilionaceae, פרפרניים

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Life form:  Phanerophyte shrub
Spinescence:  Stems
Stems:  Stem up to 300 cm; green-stemmed, characterized by raised ridges and grooves
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, trifoliolate
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; Yellow
Fruits / pods:  Legume, up to 50 x 10 mm, densely villous
Flowering Period:  January, February, March
Habitat:  Mediterranean maquis and forest, Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perennating

Calicotome villosa, Calycotome villosa, Spiny Broom, קידה שעירה, الجربان, القندول

Derivation of the botanical name:
Calicotome, perhaps from, Greel for the calyx, and tome, division, section, cutting
villosa, shaggy, hairy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Poiret is used to indicate Jean Louis Marie Poiret (1755–1834), a French clergyman, botanist and explorer.
  • The standard author abbreviation Link is used to indicate Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link (1767–1851), a German naturalist and botanist.
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.