|Scientific name:||Capparis aegyptia Lam.|
|Synonym name:||Capparis deserti (Zohary) Täckh. & Boulos, Capparis sinaica Veill|
|Common name:||Egyptian caper|
|Hebrew name:||צלף מצרי|
|Plant Family:||Capparaceae, Caper family, צלפיים|
|Stems:||Evergreen, spiny, trailing, deciduous shrub growing up to 1-2 m in height|
|Leaves:||Glaucous or blue leaves, alternate, one leaf per node|
|Fruits / pods:||Narrow-ovate fruits|
|Flowering Period:||January, February, March, April, May, June, July|
|Distribution:||Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts|
|Chorotype:||Irano-Turanian - Saharo-Arabian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Capparis (latin), borrowed from Greek kapparis [κάππαρις], whose origin is unknown but probably West or Central Asia (Alkabara, kabar). Another theory links kapparis to the name of the island Cyprus (Kypros [Κύπρος]), where capers grow abundantly. Arabic kafara, to be hairy, villous.
The Hebrew name: צלף, tzalaf, zalaph, which in the Bible is a proper name (Nehemia 3:30). The caper's fruit, the evyonah, is mentioned in Ecclesiastes 12:5 as a symbol of shortness of man's life, because very soon after it blossoms, the fruit scatters its seeds and the plant withers; "The almond-tree shall blossom… and the caperberry shall fail; Because man goeth to his long home…."