Capparis decidua, Capparis aphylla,
Caper berry, Caper plant, Wild caper,
Hebrew: צלף רותמי, Arabic: حنبوق , تندب , سوداد

Scientific name:  Capparis decidua (Forssk.) Edgew.
Synonym name:  Capparis aphylla Roth
Common name:  Caper berry, Caper plant, Wild caper
Hebrew name:  צלף רותמי
Arabic name:  حنبوق , تندب , سوداد
Family:  Capparaceae, Caper family, צלפיים

Capparis decidua, Capparis aphylla, Caper berry, Caper plant, Wild caper, צלף רותמי

Life form:  Many-branched shrub or small tree
Stems:  Leafless green crooked spiny branches slender, smooth, terete and spinous; mature branches are leafless as leaves are present only on young shoots; small, sharp, straight, light brown spines occur in pair at each node of twig; most twigs and branches are glossy and dark green in colour, but with age, bark develops which is whitish gray
Leaves:  On young branches, caduceus, linear, 1-2 cm long, apex short, stiff, pale mucro like pickle, petioles very short, stipular thorns long, sharp, straight orange yellow
Inflorescence:  Corymb with many flowers arising from old branches or from short lateral shoots, in the axils of the spines
Flowers:  Red or pink, rarely yellow; Petals: Pink, red-veined, narrow-oblong; Gynophore about 12 mm long; Androecium 8 stamens, inserted at the base of gynophores; Pedicel lender and about 12 mm in length
Fruits / pods:  Small, globular, glabrous, fleshy berry, beaked at the apex, resembling a cherry in shape and size; fresh berries are green, which turn pink on ripening and blackish on drying
Flowering Period:  May, June, July, August, September, October
Habitat:  Desert
Distribution:  Judean desert, Dead Sea valley, Negev hills
Chorotype:  Sudanian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Capparis decidua, Capparis aphylla, Caper berry, Caper plant, Wild caper, צלף רותמי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Capparis (latin), borrowed from Greek kapparis [κάππαρις], whose origin is unknown but probably West or Central Asia (Alkabara, kabar). Another theory links kapparis to the name of the island Cyprus (Kypros [Κύπρος]), where capers grow abundantly. Arabic kafara, to be hairy, villous.
decidua, deciduus, "falling off at maturity" or "tending to fall off."
aphylla, without leaves.
  • The standard author abbreviation Forssk. is used to indicate Peter Forsskål (1732 – 1763), a Swedish explorer, orientalist and naturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Edgew. is used to indicate Michael Pakenham Edgeworth (1812 – 1881), an Irish botanist who specialized in seed plants and ferns,[1] and spent most of his life and work in India.
  • The standard author abbreviation Roth is used to indicate Albrecht Wilhelm Roth (1757 – 1834), a German physician and botanist.

Capparis decidua, Capparis aphylla, Caper berry, Caper plant, Wild caper, צלף רותמי