|Scientific name:||Capparis sicula Veillard|
|Synonym name:||Capparis ovata Desf.|
|Common name:||Sicilian caper|
|Hebrew name:||צלף סיצילי|
|Plant Family:||Capparaceae, צלפיים|
|Stems:||Underground, branched perennial stems and decaying annual aerial parts; procumbent, semi-erect, sometimes reaching up to 3 m long, glaucous|
|Leaves:||Stipules usually stout; alternate, pubescence on leaves from lax to very dense|
|Flowers:||Flower buds rounded or acute; floral pedicels thick and short, 2.5– 3.5 cm; flowers zygomorphic; stamens 100 to 150, anthers 3.5–4 mm, with acute apices|
|Fruits / Pods:||Fruit oblong, pulp red; ripe seeds dark brown, 2.7–3 3 2.6–2.8 3 1.8–2 mm|
|Flowering Period:||January, February, March, April, May, June, July|
|Distribution:||Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts|
|Chorotype:||Irano-Turanian - Saharo-Arabian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Capparis (latin), borrowed from Greek kapparis [κάππαρις], whose origin is unknown but probably West or Central Asia (Alkabara, kabar). Another theory links kapparis to the name of the island Cyprus (Kypros [Κύπρος]), where capers grow abundantly. Arabic kafara, to be hairy, villous.
sicula, of Sicily.
ovata, ovate, egg-shaped, with the broad end down.
The Hebrew name: צלף, tzalaf, zalaph, which in the Bible is a proper name (Nehemia 3:30). The caper's fruit, the evyonah, is mentioned in Ecclesiastes 12:5 as a symbol of shortness of man's life, because very soon after it blossoms, the fruit scatters its seeds and the plant withers; "The almond-tree shall blossom… and the caperberry shall fail; Because man goeth to his long home…."