|Scientific name:||Cassia fistula L.|
|Synonym name:||Bactyrilobium fistula Willd.,Cassia bonplandiana DC.,Cassia excelsa Kunth, Cassia fistuloides Collad., Cassia rhombifolia Roxb., Cathartocarpus excelsus G.Don, Cathartocarpus fistula Pers., Cathartocarpus fistuloides (Collad.) G.Don, Cathartocarpus rhombifolius G.Don|
|Common name:||Golden rain tree|
|Hebrew name:||כסיית האבוב|
|Arabic name:||khiār shambar, خيار شمبر|
|Family:||Fabaceae, Mimosaceae, שיטיים|
|Life form:||fast growing, medium sized, deciduous tree|
|Stems:||Stembark contains lupeol, beta-sitosterol, and hexacosanol|
|Leaves:||Alternate, pinnate, 30-40 cm long, with 4-8 pairs of ovate leaflets, 7.5-15 cm long, 2-5 cm broad, entire, the petiolules 2-6 mm lon|
|Inflorescence:||Pendulous racemes 20-40cm long|
|Flowers:||Yellow, 5 petals, stamens 10, the upper ones sterile, the 4 lateral ones with short filaments and basal pores, the lower ones fertile with pores at both ends and filaments S-shaped|
|Fruits / pods:||cylindrical pods with the seeds imbedded in a stick brown pulp|
|Flowering Period:||June, July, August|
|Distribution:||Coastal area, Shfela (lowland region in south-central Israel), the Jordan Valley and the Arava|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Cassia, Latin cassia, from Greek kasia, from Hebrew q'tsi-ah "cassia, meaning to cut off or strip off bark.
fistula, like a pipe.
Cassia fistula, the Golden shower is an important medicinal plant in addition to its ornamental use. Several reports on the hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, antifungal, antibacterial, nematicidal, wound healing, antifertility, hypocholesterlamic, laxative, antifertility and antitumor activities have been extensively published.
Cassia fistula has many important utilities such as medicinal, food, coagulant, biosorbent and as a natural dye source apart from its use as a beautiful ornamental tree.