Centaurium spicatum, Schenkia spicata, Spiked Centaury,
Hebrew: ערבז משובל, Arabic: حشيشة العقرب

Scientific name:  Centaurium spicatum (L.) Fritsch
Synonym name:  Schenkia spicata (L.) Mansion
Common name:  Spiked Centaury
Hebrew name:  ערבז משובל
Arabic name:   حشيشة العقرب
Family:  Gentianaceae, Gentian family, ערבזיים

Centaurium spicatum, Schenkia spicata, Spiked Centaury, ערבז משובל,  حشيشة العقرب

Life form:  Annual or biennial
Spinescence:  Non
Succulence:  Non
Stems:  Usually branched from the base or middle
Leaves:  Smooth, stalkless leaves, 1-3 cm long, elliptical or broadly or narrowly oblong to lanceolate, usually light-green, basal (sometimes forming a rosette) and in pairs on the stems.
Inflorescence:  Flowers in spiciforme cyme
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; corolla pinkish-purple; stamens inserted at or below the ape of the corolla-tube
Fruits / pods:  Narrow-oblong capsule, enclosed by or slightly longer than, the persistent calyx.
Flowering Period:  May, June, July, August
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana, Humid habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands,Shrub-steppes, Semi-steppe shrublands, Deserts
Chorotype:  Med-Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Centaurium spicatum, Schenkia spicata, Spiked Centaury, ערבז משובל,  حشيشة العقرب


Derivation of the botanical name:
Centaurium named after the centaur Chiron, famed in Greek mythology for his skill in medicinal herbs.
spicatum, spica, spike, spicata bearing a spike.
The Hebrew word: ערבז, arbaz is named by Immanuel Löw (1854 – 1944), a Hungarian rabbi, scholar and politician, following the name of the plant in the Syrian language, in his book "The Flora of the Jews".
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Fritsch is used to indicate Karl Fritsch (1864 – 1934), an Austrian botanist

Centaurium spicatum, Schenkia spicata, Spiked Centaury, ערבז משובל,  حشيشة العقرب