|Scientific name:||Centaurium spicatum (L.) Fritsch|
|Synonym name:||Schenkia spicata (L.) Mansion|
|Common name:||Spiked Centaury|
|Hebrew name:||ערבז משובל|
|Arabic name:||حشيشة العقرب|
|Family:||Gentianaceae, Gentian family, ערבזיים|
|Life form:||Annual or biennial|
|Stems:||Usually branched from the base or middle|
|Leaves:||Smooth, stalkless leaves, 1-3 cm long, elliptical or broadly or narrowly oblong to lanceolate, usually light-green, basal (sometimes forming a rosette) and in pairs on the stems.|
|Inflorescence:||Flowers in spiciforme cyme|
|Flowers:||Hermaphrodite; corolla pinkish-purple; stamens inserted at or below the ape of the corolla-tube|
|Fruits / pods:||Narrow-oblong capsule, enclosed by or slightly longer than, the persistent calyx.|
|Flowering Period:||May, June, July, August|
|Habitat:||Batha, Phrygana, Humid habitats|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands,Shrub-steppes, Semi-steppe shrublands, Deserts|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Centaurium named after the centaur Chiron, famed in Greek mythology for his skill in medicinal herbs.
spicatum, spica, spike, spicata bearing a spike.
The Hebrew word: ערבז, arbaz is named by Immanuel Löw (1854 – 1944), a Hungarian rabbi, scholar and politician, following the name of the plant in the Syrian language, in his book "The Flora of the Jews".