|Scientific name:||Chasmanthe floribunda (Salisb.) N. E. Br.|
|Synonym name:||Antholyza floribunda Salisb., Petamenes floribunda (Salisb.) E.Phillips|
|English name:||Aunt Eliza, African cornflag, madflower|
|Hebrew name:||כסמנתה רבת-פרחים, כסמנתה פרחונית|
|Family:||Iridaceae, Iris family, אירוסיים|
|Life form:||Deciduous geophyte; corm flattened-globose|
|Stems:||Erect 50-120cm high; usually branched|
|Leaves:||Lance-shaped, with a prominent main vein; 2.5–3.5 cm wide.|
|Inflorescence:||Pyramidal two-ranked erect spikes|
|Flowers:||Bracts (9–)13–15 mm long, green flushed red on margins or entirely. Flowers bright to deep orange with lower half of tube paler or yellow, unscented; floral tube trumpet-shaped, slender and spirally twisted below, abruptly expanded above into a wider, cylindrical upper part slightly pouched at the base and 20–25 mm long; tepals unequal, dorsal largest and spoon-shaped, (21–)24–26 × 6.5–8 mm, upper and lower lateral tepals 12–15 mm long, lower median tepal ± 10 mm long. Stamens 3, arching under dorsal tepal, median stamen slightly longer; anthers and pollen purple.|
|Fruits / pods:||Capsules flattened-globose, 3-lobed; up to 12 seeds per capsule, globose or somewhat angled by pressure, ± 5 mm in diameter, bright orange, coat hard and shiny.|
|Flowering Period:||January, February, March|
|Habitat:||Invading natural habitats|
|Distribution:||Escaped from gardens and becomes naturalized locally|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Chasmanthe, Greek chasme, "gaping", and anthos, "flower," alluding to the shape of the flower.
floribunda, Latin floribundus, profusely flowered.
Antholyza, Greek anthos, "flower"; lyssa "rage," the opened flower looks like the mouth of an angry animal.
Petamenes, derivation doubtful, perhaps from the Greek petomai, petamai "to fly, fly abroad" or petamenos "tumbler, ropedancer".