|Scientific name:||Cichorium endivia (Schousb.) P. D. Sell|
|Synonym name:||Cichorium pumilum (Jacq.) Cout.|
|Common name:||Dwarf Chicory|
|Hebrew name:||עולש מצוי|
|Arabic name:||علك ، هندباء برية|
|Egypt:||سريس "Sireis", شيكوريا "Shikorya"|
|Plant Family:||Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים|
|Stems:||Up to 170 cm tall, erect, glabrous or with some scattered hard hairs|
|Leaves:||Alternate, rosette, dissected once, dentate or serrate|
|Fruits / pods:||Achene, obovoid to cylindrical, 2–3 mm × 1–1.5 mm, brown, with pappus of 1–3 rows of small, persistent membranous scales|
|Flowering Period:||April, May, June|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
|Chorotype:||Med - Irano-Turanian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Cichorium, the Latinized version of the Arabic name for one of the species.
endivia, from Late Latin endivia, from Late Greek entybion; probably of Eastern origin (perhaps from Egyptian tybi "January," which is when the plant grows in Egypt).
pumilum, dwarfish, little; dwarf.
Maror never appears in the singular but rather as the plural merorim מרורים - it means "bitter herbs", from mar מר - "bitter".
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.