|Scientific name:||Cistus salviifolius L.|
|Common name:||White Rockrose, Sage-leaved Cistus|
|Hebrew name:||לוטם מרווני|
|Arabic name:||لبّـاد أبيض|
|Plant Family:||Cistaceae, לוטמיים|
|Stems:||30-60 cm high; spreading, hairs long, in short, stellate clumps, or glandular|
|Fruits / pods:||Loculicidal capsule|
|Flowering Period:||March, April, May, June|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Cistus, from kisthos or kistos, "the rock-rose" (Carl Linnaeus).
salviifolius, salvia, "sage" and folius, "leaves"; with leaves like those of that (sage) genus.
"Lot" (לוט), ledum, ladanum, laudanum, a fragrant resinous gum, collected from the leaves of the Cistus, is the material referred to.
Ladanum is used in herbal medicine and as a perfume ingredient.
H.B.Tristram, the Natural History of the Bible: "Mount Carmel especially abounds in the Cistus, which in April covers some of the barer parts of the mountain with a glow not inferior to that of the Scottish heather. We obtained three species. One of them, Cistus villosus...Another, Cistus salvifolius, is also very plentiful on Carmel... From all these Ladanum is obtained..."
Location: Carmel mountains