Clematis cirrhosa, Fern-leaved clematis, Evergreen clematis,
Evergreen Traveller's Joy, Bower,
Hebrew: זלזלת הקנוקנות, Arabic: حبل مسكي

Scientific name:  Clematis cirrhosa L.
Common name:  Fern-leaved clematis, Evergreen clematis, Evergreen Traveller's Joy, Bower
Hebrew name:   זלזלת הקנוקנות
Arabic name:  حبل مسكي
Plant Family:  Ranunculaceae, נוריתיים

Israel flowers, send flowers online

Life form:  Phanerophyte, shrub
Stems:  Prostrate, climbing, tendrils; branched, hirsute
Leaves:  Opposite, entire, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  Cream, white
Fruits / pods:  Dry indehiscent fruits, achene
Flowering Period:   January, February, November, December
Habitat:  Mediterranean maquis and forest
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perenating

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, זלזלת הקנוקנות

Derivation of the botanical name:
Clematis, clema, Κλημα (Greek), "vine; branch"; atis, -ατιϛ, substantive suffix for nouns: diminutive; climbing plants.
Cirrhosa, cirrhus, cirrus, "curl, ringlet, tuft of hair, tendril"; osus, adjective suffix for nouns: plenitude or notable development; with lots of tendrils, curls.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Clematis cirrhosa is native to the Mediterranean region of southern Europe and northern Africa. Its flowers are nodding, cup-shaped, borne singly or in clusters. It is one of two evergreen Clematis species (the other is C. armandii).
  • Theophrastus (370 BCE — ca. 285 BCE), Enquiry into plants, V.ix.6, gives the name of atrhragene to the plant, and according to Sprengel (Kurt Polycarp Joachim, 1766-1833), the athragene is the Clematis cirrhosa of Linnaeus, the French Clématite à vrilles.
  • The Herbal of Dioscorides the Greek (ca.40-ca.90 CE): Klematis Etera - (suggested: Clematis cirrhosa — Evergreen Clematis; Clematis angustifolia —Virgin's Bower; Clematis alpina — Alpine Clematis) poisonous
    There is another clematis which sends out a vinelike branch, reddish, flexible; the leaf extremely sharp to the taste and ulcerating. It winds around trees like smilax [4-144, 4-145]. The seed of this (pounded into small pieces and taken as a drink with water or honey water) drives phlegm and bile downward. The leaves (applied as a poultice) drive away leprosy. They are preserved with lepidium [2-205] to eat with meat [vegetable]. It is also called epigetis, the Egyptians call it phylacuum, and the Romans, ambuxus.

Flowers of Israel - Clematis cirrhosa

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל