Cornucopiae alopecuroides, Cornucopiae involucratum, Shaggy cornucopia, כוסנית ממולענת

Cornucopiae alopecuroides, Cornucopiae involucratum,
Shaggy cornucopia,
Hebrew: כוסנית ממולענת, Arabic:

Scientific name:  Cornucopiae alopecuroides L.
Synonym name:  Alopecurus involucratus Post,
Cornucopiae involucratum (Post) Mez
Common name:  Shaggy cornucopia
Hebrew name:  כוסנית ממולענת
Family:  Graminea (Poaceae), Grass Family, משפחת הדגניים

Cornucopiae alopecuroides, Cornucopiae involucratum, Shaggy cornucopia, כוסנית ממולענת

Life form:  Annual
Spinescence:  Non
Succulence:  Non
Stems:  Culms 10–40 cm high; herbaceous.
Leaves:  not basally aggregated; non-auriculate; the upper sheaths inflated; leaf blades linear (acuminate); narrow; flat
Inflorescence:  Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary; deciduous as a whole; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath; exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf. Peduncle expanded into a conical flask at apex; disarticulating. Panicle capitate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Flowers:   Glumes: Glumes connate along margins below; reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume elliptic, or oblong; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface without pits; glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex truncate, or acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume elliptic, or oblong; 1–1.075–1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex truncate, or acute; muticous, or mucronate.
Florets: fertile lemma ovate; membranous; keeled; wingless; 5 -veined. Lemma surface unwrinkled; without grooves. Lemma margins connate below. Lemma apex truncate; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; straight, or geniculate. Palea absent or minute.
Flower, green: Lodicules absent. Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
Fruits / pods:  Caryopsis with adherent pericarp
Flowering Period:  March, April, May, June
Habitat:  Humid habitats
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Cornucopiae alopecuroides, Cornucopiae involucratum, Shaggy cornucopia, כוסנית ממולענת


Derivation of the botanical name:
Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty) in Greek Myth. The Cornucopia, or Horn of Plenty, is actually the horn of the goat Amalthea, the nurse of baby Zeus in Greek mythology. Zeus, ruler of the Greek pantheon, had a rough upbringing. So named from the manner in which the flowers grow within their involucre, like a Cornupia or horn of plenty.
alopecuroides, alopecuros, αλωπεκουροϛ (αλωπεξ ουρα) Theophrastus: "fox tail, fox brush"; -oides, -οειδεϛ, "like, resemble"; like the genus Alopecurus (foxtail).
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Post is used to indicate George Edward Post (1838 – 1909), an American physician and clergyman.
  • The standard author abbreviation Mez is used to indicate Carl Christian Mez (1866 – 1944) , a German botanist and university professor.

Cornucopiae alopecuroides, Cornucopiae involucratum, Shaggy cornucopia, כוסנית ממולענת