Crataegus aronia, Crataegus azarolus, Spiny Hawthorn,
Neapolitan medlar, עוזרר קוצני, رورعز

Scientific name:  Crataegus aronia (L.) DC.
Synonym name:  Crataegus azarolus L.
Common name:  Spiny Hawthorn, Neapolitan medlar
Hebrew name:  עוזרר קוצני
Arabic name:   رورعز, Za'rur
Plant Family:  Rosaceae, ורדיים

Flowers of Israel, Crataegus aronia, Crataegus azarolus, Spiny Hawthorn, Neapolitan medlar, עוזרר קוצני, رورعز,

Life form:  Phanerophyte, tree
Stems:  Up to 6 m tall, trunk is scabrous, branches rather upright-growing, dense and thorny
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected once
Flowers:  White
Fruits / pods:  Pome; a yellow pome, a fleshy fruit with a thin skin, not formed from the ovary but from another part of the plant (Accessory Fruits); seeds are contained in chambers in the centre of the fruit
Flowering Period:   October, November
Habitat:   Mediterranean maquis and forest
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

 Crataegus aronia, Crataegus azarolus, Spiny Hawthorn, Neapolitan medlar, עוזרר קוצני, رورعز


Derivation of the botanical name:
Crataegus, Greek kratus, kratys "strong, mighty," kartos "strength" and akakia,akis "tip, thorn, a sharp point" or aigos "a goat," Latin crataegum for the kernel of the fruit of the box-tree (Plinius).
aronia, Greek, for medlar-tree.
azarolus, from Arabic Za'rur, the name of the fruit.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation DC. is used to indicate Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778 – 1841), a Swiss botanist.