Crataegus azarolus, Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla,
Mediterranean medlar, עוזרר אדום ,زعرور

Scientific name:  Crataegus azarolus L.
Common name:   Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar
Hebrew name:   עוזרר אדום
Arabic name:  زعرور, Za'rur
Plant Family:  Rosaceae, ורדיים

Israel native plants, Crataegus azarolus, Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar, עוזרר אדום  ,زعرور

Life form:  Tree
Stems:  Up to 6 m tall, trunk is scabrous, branches rather upright-growing, dense and thorny
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected once, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  White
Fruits / pods:  Pome, a fleshy fruit with a thin skin, not formed from the ovary but from another part of the plant (Accessory Fruits); seeds are contained in chambers in the centre of the fruit
Flowering Period:   April, May
Habitat:  Mediterranean maquis and forest
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perenating

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, עוזרר אדום  ,زعرور


Derivation of the botanical name:
Crataegus, Greek kratus, kratys "strong, mighty," kartos "strength" and akakia,akis "tip, thorn, a sharp point" or aigos "a goat," Latin crataegum for the kernel of the fruit of the box-tree (Plinius).
azarolus, from Arabic Za'rur, the name of the fruit.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Crataegus azarolus, Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar, עוזרר אדום  ,زعرور


Flora of Israel online, Nativeplants, Palestine