Crataegus azarolus, Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla,
Mediterranean medlar, עוזרר אדום ,زعرور

Scientific name:  Crataegus azarolus L.
Common name:   Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar
Hebrew name:   עוזרר אדום
Arabic name:  زعرور, Za'rur
Plant Family:  Rosaceae, ורדיים

Israel native plants, Crataegus azarolus, Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar, עוזרר אדום  ,زعرور

Life form:  Tree
Spinescence:  Stems
Stems:  Up to 6 m tall, trunk is scabrous, branches rather upright-growing, dense and thorny
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected once, dentate or serrate
Flowers:  White
Fruits / pods:  Pome, a fleshy fruit with a thin skin, not formed from the ovary but from another part of the plant (Accessory Fruits); seeds are contained in chambers in the centre of the fruit
Flowering Period:   April, May
Habitat:  Mediterranean maquis and forest
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:   Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perennating

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, עוזרר אדום  ,زعرور


Derivation of the botanical name:
Crataegus, Greek kratus, kratys "strong, mighty," kartos "strength" and akakia,akis "tip, thorn, a sharp point" or aigos "a goat," Latin crataegum for the kernel of the fruit of the box-tree (Plinius).
azarolus, from Arabic Za'rur, the name of the fruit.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.


Crataegus azarolus, Azarole Hawthorn, mosphilla, Mediterranean medlar, עוזרר אדום  ,زعرور


Flora of Israel online, Nativeplants, Palestine