|Scientific name:||Crithmum maritimum L.|
|Common name:||Samphire, Sea fennel, Peter's cress|
|Hebrew name:||קריתמון ימי|
|Arabic name:||القرثمن البحري|
|Plant Family:||Umbelliferae / Apiaceae, סוככים|
|Life form:||Chamaephyte, semi-shrub|
|Stems:||20-50 cm tall; stem is straight or ascendant, round in cross-section, hollow, striated, somewhat branchy in the upper part|
|Leaves:||Alternate, dissected, pinnate, succulent|
|Flowers:||five-petaled and pale yellow; arranged in combound umbels|
|Fruits / pods:||Achene, about 6 mm in diameter; rounded seeds|
|Flowering Period:||May, June, July, August, September, October|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands|
|Chorotype:||Med - Euro-Siberian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Crithmum, Greek, krithe, barley; refers to the ribbed, ovate seeds.
maritimum, pertaining to the sea.
Samphire, Rock samphire, St Peter's herb, is derived from the French sampiere, "Saint Pierre". Samphire - the word is a corruption of St. Peter, the patron saint of fishermen because all the plants grow in rocky salt-sprayed regions along the sea coast.