Crithmum maritimum, Samphire, Sea fennel, Peter's cress,
Hebrew: קריתמון ימי, Arabic: القرثمن البحري

Scientific name:  Crithmum maritimum L.
Common name:  Samphire, Sea fennel, Peter's cress
Hebrew name:   קריתמון ימי
Arabic name:  القرثمن البحري
Plant Family:  Umbelliferae / Apiaceae, סוככים

Israel flowers, Crithmum maritimum,Samphire,Sea fennel,Peter's cress, קריתמון ימי

Life form:  Chamaephyte, semi-shrub
Stems:  20-50 cm tall; stem is straight or ascendant, round in cross-section, hollow, striated, somewhat branchy in the upper part
Leaves:  Alternate, dissected, pinnate, succulent
Flowers:  five-petaled and pale yellow; arranged in combound umbels
Fruits / pods:  Achene, about 6 mm in diameter; rounded seeds
Flowering Period:  May, June, July, August, September, October
Habitat:  Mediterranean strand
Distribution:   Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Med - Euro-Siberian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, קריתמון ימי


Derivation of the botanical name:
Crithmum, Greek, krithe, barley; refers to the ribbed, ovate seeds.
maritimum, pertaining to the sea.
Samphire, Rock samphire, St Peter's herb, is derived from the French sampiere, "Saint Pierre". Samphire - the word is a corruption of St. Peter, the patron saint of fishermen because all the plants grow in rocky salt-sprayed regions along the sea coast.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
Crithmum maritimum is a strongly aromatic, salty herb, contains a volatile oil, pectin, is rich in vitamin C and minerals, has diuretic effects, cleanses toxins and improves digestion.
  • Gerard, 1597: "The leaves kept in pickle and eaten in sallads with oile and vinegar is a pleasant sauce for meat, wholesome for the stoppings of the liver, milt and kidnies. It is the pleasantest sauce, most familiar and best agreeing with man's body.'"
  • Culpepper, 1640, deplores that it had in his days much gone out of fashion: "Out of fashion, this is deplorable, as it is a great digestive."
  • This is probably the species mentioned by Shakespeare in King Lear -
    "Half-way down, Hangs one that gathers samphire; dreadful trade!"

    Israel, Blooming, Nature lovers, Botany


    Crithmum maritimum,Samphire,Sea fennel,Peter's cress, קריתמון ימי


    Flora of Israel online, Native plants, Palestine