Crocus aleppicus, Crocus gaillardotii, Crocus Aleppo,
כרכום גיירדו

Scientific name:  Crocus aleppicus Baker
Synonym name:  Crocus gaillardotii Maw
Common name:  Crocus Aleppo
Hebrew name:  כרכום גיירדו
Family:  Iridaceae, Iris family, אירוסיים

Crocus aleppicus, Crocus gaillardotii, Crocus Aleppo, כרכום גיירדו

Life form:  Geophyte, corm
Stems:  4-8 cm high
Leaves:  All basal, rosette, very narrow, needle-shaped with bright white center vein, smooth margin
Inflorescence:  One to several, each on a short, subterranean pedicel
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite; Large bell-shaped flower, corolla's tube as far as the onion; corolla white; perianth may be purple on outside; stamens yellow and not black
Fruits / pods:  Homogeneous seeds-fruits
Flowering Period:  January, December
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Vilda blommor i Israel

Derivation of the botanical name:
Crocus, Greek κρόκος, krokos "thread" and alludes to the stigmas,
In Hebrew it is called: karkom (כרכום), Aramaic kurkama (כרכמא), Persian and Arabic kurkum, all meaning saffron or saffron yellow.
In Talmudic Hebrew, the verb כרכם meant "to be come yellow".
gaillardotii, named after Charles Gaillardot (1814 - 1883), a French surgeon and botanist in Egypt and Syria (Lebanon).
  • The standard author abbreviation Baker is used to indicate John Gilbert Baker (1834 – 1920) , an English botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Maw is used to indicate George Maw (1832 - 1912), an English polymath; his occupations included manufacturing tiles and art pottery, chemistry, geology, botany, archaeology, watercolour painting and gardening.

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