Crucianella maritima, Rubeola maritima, Maritime crosswort,
Hebrew: צלבית החוף, Arabic: حوزيل

Scientific name:  Crucianella maritima L.
Synonym name:  Rubeola maritima (L.) Moench
Common name:  Maritime crosswort
Hebrew name:  צלבית החוף
Arabic name:  حوزيل
Plant Family:  Rubiaceae, פואתיים

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, צלבית החוף

Life form:  Chamaephyte
Stems:  10-40 cm, glabrous, glaucous, woody rootstock, winding; sturdy stems, little woody
Leaves:  Whorled, entire, smooth
Flowers:  Hermaphrodite, yellow
Fruits / pods:  Schizocarp, a dry fruit that splits into single-seeded parts when ripe
Flowering Period:  April, May, June
Habitat:  Mediterranean strand
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Crucianella maritima, Rubeola maritima, Maritime crosswort, צלבית החוף


Derivation of the botanical name:
Crucianella, Latin crux, "cross" ; the leaves of these herbs being crosswise.
maritima, growing by the sea.
Rubeola, Latin rubeus, red; "measles."
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation Moench is used to indicate Conrad Moench (1744 – 1805), a German botanist.

Blommor i Israel: Crucianella maritima, Rubeola maritima, Maritime crosswort, צלבית החוף


Bloemen in Israel: Crucianella maritima, Rubeola maritima, Maritime crosswort, צלבית החוף