Cynara syriaca, Wild Artichoke, Syrian Wild Artichoke,
Hebrew: קנרס סורי, Arabic: حَرْشَف سوري; خُرْفَيْش الحَمير

Scientific name:  Cynara syriaca Boiss.
Common name:  Wild Artichoke, Syrian Wild Artichoke
Hebrew name:  קנרס סורי
Arabic name:  حَرْشَف سوري; خُرْفَيْش الحَمير
Plant Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

Flores de Israel, פרחים וצמחי בר,حَرْشَف سوري; خُرْفَيْش الحَمير ,קנרס סורי

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte
Spinescence:  Leaves, bracts
Stems:  50–250 cm. herbage ± arachnoid-tomentose. Stems ± erect, simple or branched, (leafy), stout
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected, pinnate, dentate or serrate, spinescent
Flowers:  Violet, spinescent bracts
Fruits / pods:  Cypselae
Flowering Period:   June, July, August
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:   The Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Cynara syriaca, Wild Artichoke, Syrian Wild Artichoke, حَرْشَف سوري; خُرْفَيْش الحَمير ,קנרס סורי

Derivation of the botanical name:
Cynara, kynara or kinara, kynaros akantha, the Greek for a spiny plant; Latin cinara, for a kind of artichoke and for a native of the island of Cinara, in the Aegean Sea, now Zinara.
syriaca, Syrian.
The Hebrew name: קנרס, kiners mentioned in the Mishnah Kilayim 5:8: "Artichokes (Kiners) are kilayim in a vineyard".
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.