Dactylis glomerata, Orchardgrass, Cocksfoot,
Hebrew: ציבורת ההרים , Arabic: صبورة الجبل

Scientific name:  Dactylis glomerata L.
Common name:  Orchardgrass,Cocksfoot
Hebrew name:  ציבורת ההרים
Arabic name:  صبورة الجبل
Plant Family:  Gramineae / Poaceae, דגניים

Dactylis glomerata, Orchard grass, Cock's-foot, صبورة الجبل, ציבורת ההרים

Life form:  Hemicryptophyte
Stems:  Culms 15-100 cm high; flattened, either erect or bend abruptly at the base
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, entire
Inflorescence:  Panicle narrow or spreading, with branches ending in dense head-like branched clusters of c. 10-30 spikelets
Flowers:  Spikelets 2-5 floweredGreen
Fruits / pods:  Caryopses, brown
Flowering Period:   April, May, June
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Euro-Siberian - Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

פרחים וצמחי בר בארץ ישראל, ציבורת ההרים


Derivation of the botanical name:
Dactylis, from Greek dactylos, δακτυλοϛ, finger, toe; of uncertain application here.
glomerata, to gather into a ball, form into a round heap; clustered.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.

Dactylis glomerata, Orchardgrass, Cocksfoot, صبورة الجبل,ציבורת ההרים