|Scientific name:||Daucus carota L.subsp. maximus (Desf.) Ball|
|Synonym name:||Daucus maximus Desf.|
|Common name:||Wild carrot, Bird's nest, Bishop's lace, Queen Anne's lace|
|Hebrew name:||גזר קיפח|
|Arabic name:||يرب رزج Jizr Bery|
|Plant Family:||Umbelliferae / Apiaceae, סוככיים|
|Stems:||Up to 100 cm tall, erect, branching, grooved, rough-hairy or bristly;|
|Leaves:||Alternate, rosette, dissected twice or more|
|Flowers:||White; terminal, compound umbels, a whorl of several 3- to 5-branched bracts at the base of each compound umbel; and a single flower arising from the centre of the compound umbel is often dark purple|
|Fruits / pods:||Fruits grayish to brownish with several rows of spines by which they cling to clothing and animal fur|
|Flowering Period:||April, May, June, July, August|
|Habitat:||Herbaceous plant communities of the Mediterranean territory|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Daucus, the Latin name for carrot. Galen (Claudius Galenus of Pergamum (131 - 201 CE)), called it Daucus to distinguish the Carrot from the Parsnip.
carota; the name Carota for the garden Carrot is found first in the Roman writings of Athenaeus, of Naucratis in Egypt, Greek rhetorician and grammarian (2nd and beginning of the 3rd century CE.), and in a book on cookery by Apicius Czclius in 230 CE.
Queen Anne's lace, earned its common name from a legend that tells of Queen Anne of England (1655-1714) pricking her finger—drawing a drop of blood—while sewing lace.
The Hebrew name גדר, gezer, Arabic equivalent: جَزَر (Jezre), and in Aramaic: Gazra.
Some concluded that the dark florets can act as an insect attractant for some insect groups by acting as an insect mimic, and that they are adaptive, in contrast to the speculations of Darwin.
By far the most frequent visitor to Daucus carota inflorescences was the beetle Anthrenus verbasci (Varied carpet beetle), which comprises approximately 97% of insect visitors. Anthrenus verbasci is a small, dark, rounded beetle (1.7–3.5 mm in length) and is similar in size and shape to the dark central floret of Daucus carota (diameter 2–3.2 mm). Anthrenus verbasci appear to graze primarily on pollen.
See the list of Medicinal herbs in Israel, the parts used and their medical uses to treat various diseases.