Delonix regia, Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant,Flametree,
צאלון נאה

Scientific name:  Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf.
Synonym name:  Poinciana regia Bojer ex Hook.
Common name:   Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant,Flametree,
Hebrew name:  צאלון נאה
Family:  Fabaceae, קטניות

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Life form:   Deciduous tree
Stems:  9-12 m tall; smooth, light-brown bark
Leaves:  Alternate, compound, bipinnate, oblong, entire margin
Inflorescence:  Corymbs 15-30 cm long, borne laterally near the end of the twig, each with loosely arranged, slightly fragrant flowers
Flowers:  4 Scarlet or orange-red petals, up to 8 cm long, and a fifth upright petal called the standard, which is slightly larger and spotted with yellow and white
Fruits / pods:  Seed pods, elongated, dark brown; up to 60 cm long, 5 cm wide
Flowering Period:  April, May
Origin:  Madagascar

Delonix regia, Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant,Flametree, צאלון נאה


Derivation of the botanical name:
Delonix, delos, "evident"; onux, "a claw"; a reference to the form of the petals.
regia, regius, "royal".Regal, of or belonging to a king.
Poinciana, in honour of M. de Poinci, 17th Century Governor of the Antilles, from where the plant was first brought.
  • The standard author abbreviation Bojer is used to indicate Wenceslas Bojer (1795 – 1856), a Czech naturalist and botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Hook. is used to indicate William Jackson Hooker (1785 – 1865), an English systematic botanist, organiser, and botanical illustrator.
  • The standard author abbreviation Raf. is used to indicate Constantine Samuel Rafinesque-Schmaltz (1783 – 1840), a naturalist, philologist, and a genius. Born in Turkey of a German mother and a French father; died in Philadelphia, USA.

Delonix regia, Royal Poinciana, Flamboyant,Flametree, צאלון נאה