Dianthus tripunctatus, Three-spotted Pink,
Hebrew: צפורן חד-שנתי, Arabic: القرنفل ثلاثي النقط

Scientific name:  Dianthus tripunctatus Sibth. & Sm.; Sm.
Common name:  Three-spotted Pink
Hebrew name:  צפורן חד-שנתי
Arabic name:  القرنفل ثلاثي النقط
Family:  Caryophyllaceae, ציפורניים

Dianthus tripunctatus, Three-spotted Pink,צפורן  חד-שנתי, القرنفل ثلاثي النقط

Life form:  Annual
Stems:  15-40cm, divaricately-branched, non-flowering stems absent
Leaves:  Opposite, entire, smooth margin; basal leaves oblong-spathulate, obtuse; cauline (stem) leaves linear, acuminate
Inflorescence:  Solitary flowers
Flowers:  epicalyx (=a group of bracts simulating a calyx) 3/4 as long as calyx; calyx verruculose; 5 pink petals, dentate, bearded, with 3 red spots at base
Fruits / pods:  Capsule, many seeded
Flowering Period:  March, April, June, July
Habitat:  Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Ephemeral

Derivation of the botanical name:
Dianthus, probably alteration of Greek diosanthos, carnation: dios, "god", anthos, "flower", and was cited by the Greek botanist Theophrastus.
tripunctatus marked with three dots.
The Hebrew name:ציפורן, tsiporen, Aramaic: טופרא, Topra, nail, from the German name "Nelke" (from the Middle High German negelkin "Nägelchen"), based on the comparison of its aromatic, nail-shaped flowers with the shape-like buds of the cloves.
  • The standard author abbreviation Sibth. is used to indicate John Sibthorp (1758 – 1796), an English botanist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Sm. is used to indicate James Edward Smith (1759 – 1828), an English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society.