Echinops adenocaulos, Globe thistle,
Hebrew: קיפודן מצוי, Arabic: قوص

Scientific name:  Echinops adenocaulos Boiss.
Common name:   Globe thistle
Hebrew name:  קיפודן מצוי
Arabic name:   قوص
Plant Family:  Compositae / Asteraceae, מורכבים

Wildflowers, Israel, send flowers online

Life form:   Hemicryptophyte
Spinescence:  Leaves, bracts
Stems:  Stem erect, 60-100 cm, Hairless stem or covered with white hairs, covered with purple bristles, (glandular or eglandular), bristles varying density and length, or white arachnoid to lanate with intermixed purple bristles
Leaves:  Alternate, rosette, dissected twice or more, spinescent, shortly setulose-scabrous and glandular hairs or slender scabrid hair above, densely scabrid hair below; upper leaves sessile, ovate-lanceolate; Base of cauline leaves palmasect in to linear-subulate lobes or sometimes palmately divided to 3/4
Flowers:  Heads 5-8cm; capitula 25-30 mm long, bluish-violet; involucral bracts 18-25, glabrous or sometimes woolly; middle bracts 18-22 mm; inner bracts 14-17 mm, united in basal 1/2 or more, and accrete into a membranous cylindrical tube; brush dirty white, 8-15 mm, with loose and deciduous seta; corolla bluish-violet
Fruits / pods:  Achene covered with long straight appressed hairs; pappus scales distinct to connate, inserted directly on apical plate
Flowering Period:  June, July
Habitat:   Batha, Phrygana
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:  Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Echinops adenocaulos, Globe thistle, قوص ,קיפודן מצוי
Location: Bene Zion Nature Reserve


Derivation of the botanical name:
Echinops, echinos, εχινοϛ, sea-urchin, hedgehog; opsis, like; in allusion to this herb's spiny, globe-shaped flower heads of metallic blue.
adenocaulos, aden, αδην, ενοϛ, acorn, gland; caulis, καυλοϛ, stem of a plant; glandular stem.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
Echinops adenocaulos in the Wet woodland over 400 meters (Carmel) or over 500 meters (Galilee).
In the border area and deserts Echinops adenocaulos is replaced by Echinops polyceras.

Echinops adenocaulos, Globe thistle, قوص ,קיפודן מצוי


Native plants of Israel