Ephedra aphylla, Ephedra alte, Joint pine,
Hebrew: שרביטן ריסני, Arabic: عدام , علندي

Scientific name:  Ephedra aphylla Forssk.
Synonym name:  Ephedra alte C.A.Mey.
Common name:  Joint pine
Hebrew name:   שרביטן ריסני
Arabic name:  عدام , علندي
Family:  Ephedraceae, שרביטניים

Wildflowers, Israel, Send flowers OnLine

Life form:  Phanerophyte, shrub
Stems:  Up to 150 cm high; stems usually rough, much branched
Leaves:  Whorled, scale
Flowers:  Yellow
Fruits / pods:  Male cones in dense axillary clusters or on side branches; female cones axillary or on side branches; ripe cones fleshy and red-colored; seeds 1 or 2 per fruit
Flowering Period:  March, April, May
Habitat:   Sand, Hard rock outcrops
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts
Chorotype:   Saharo-Arabian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Ephedra aphylla, Ephedra alte, Joint pine, عدام , علندي, שרביטן ריסני,Ephedraceae, שרביטניים


Derivation of the botanical name:
Ephedra, the Greek name used by Pliny for the common mare's tail (Hippuris; hippo "horse" and oura "tail") which it somewhat resembles. certain species are the source of ephedrine which, as ma-huang, the Chinese have used in medicine for centuries.
aphylla, without leaves.
alte, on high, high up, deeply, loftily.
שרביטן ,sharvitan; the Hebrew word Sharvit means scepter.
  • The standard author abbreviation Forssk. is used to indicate Peter Forsskål (1732 – 1763), a Swedish explorer, orientalist and naturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation C.A.Mey. is used to indicate Carl Anton von Meyer (1795 – 1855), a Russian botanist and explorer.
Ephedra, also known as Ma Huang (Ephedra sinica), is an herb utilized by Chinese medicine for more than 2,500 years due to its ability to remedy symptoms of asthma and upper respiratory infections.
As an "energy" product, ephedra increases alertness and perception. The use of ephedra dates back to bodyguards of Genghis Khan, who, legend has it, fearful of being beheaded if they fell asleep on duty, consumed tea containing ephedra to stay alert.
Zen monks used the herb to promote calm concentration during meditation.
Ephedra became popular to Mormon settlers in the early 1800s as a stimulant consumed in the form of tea in place of the coffee and black tea from which they abstained, giving the plant one of its many names, Mormon Tea.



Ephedra aphylla, Ephedra alte, Joint pine, عدام , علندي, שרביטן ריסני,Ephedraceae, שרביטניים