Euphorbia erinacea, Spiny spurge,
חלבלוב קוצני

Scientific name:  Euphorbia erinacea Boiss. & Kotschy
Common name:  Spiny spurge
Hebrew name:  חלבלוב קוצני
Plant Family:  Euphorbiaceae, חלבלוביים

Flora of Israel, Euphorbia erinacea,Spiny spurge, חלבלוב קוצני, Euphorbiaceae, חלבלוביים

Life form:  Chamaephyte, semi-shrub
Stems:  branches, acute and so intricate spines; bark, smooth, yellowish-brown
Leaves:  Alternate, entire, glabrous
Inflorescence:  Cyathium
Flowers:  Green
Fruits / pods:  Capsules warty; caruncles less than 0.5 mm long
Flowering Period:   April, May, June, July
Habitat:   Tragacanth shrub vegetation
Distribution:  Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon
Chorotype:   Oro Mediterranean
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Euphorbia erinacea,Spiny spurge, חלבלוב קוצני, Euphorbiaceae, חלבלוביים


Derivation of the botanical name:
Euphorbia, Εὔφορβος, Euphorbus, after the Numidian physician Euphorbus, physician to Juba II, King of Numidia and Mauretania, about the end of the first century BCE.
erinacea, resembling a hedgehog.
spurge from the Old French word espurgier (Latin expurgare), which means "to purge." The sap of many herbaceous Euphorbia species have traditionally been used as a purgative, or laxative.
  • The standard author abbreviation Boiss. is used to indicate Pierre Edmond Boissier (1810 – 1885), a Swiss botanist, explorer and mathematician.
  • The standard author abbreviation Kotschy is used to indicate Carl Georg Theodor Kotschy (1813 – 1866), an Austrian botanist and explorer.
Inflorescence definition Cyathium: a cup-shaped involucre bearing several minute stamens (male flowers) and a pistillate flower consisting of an ovary on a long stalk (pedicel). The rim of the cyathium often bears one or more nectar glands and petaloid appendages; this feature is present in every species of the genus Euphorbia but nowhere else in the plantkingdom.


Israel wild flowers, Native plants