|Scientific name:||Euphorbia terracina L.|
|Synonym name:||Esula provincialis (Willd.) Haw.,Esula terracina (L.) Fourr.|
|Common name:||Geraldton carnation weed, False Caper, Terracina Spurge|
|Hebrew name:||חלבלוב החוף|
|Life form:||Non-woody perennial|
|Stems:||Up to 70cm, simply or branched from base|
|Leaves:||Simple, entire, linear-lanceolate to elliptic-oblong|
|Inflorescence:||inflorescence branches in umbel-like cluster of (4)5 from axils of whorled leaves and also often from axils of distal alternate leaves; cyathia ("false flowers") in leafy-bracted cyme-like clusters|
|Flowers:||yellow-green; glands with long horns; Staminate flower: 10–15, Pistillate flower: styles undivided or forked|
|Fruits / pods:||Capsule, deeply sulcate, smooth|
|Flowering Period:||March, April, May, June, July, August|
|Distribution:||Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Euphorbia, Εὔφορβος, Euphorbus, after the Numidian physician Euphorbus, physician to Juba II, King of Numidia and Mauretania, about the end of the first century BCE. In classical Greek ευφορβοσ (euphorbos) means well fed.
terracina, named after a town in the Campagna di Roma, 76 kilometres southeast of Rome. It is situated at the southern extremety of the Pontine marshes. It was anciently the capital of the Volsci and named Anxur. The greeks called it Trachyna, corrupted into Terracina.
Esula, from Celtic esu, "sharp" referring to acrid milky juice.
provincialis, from Provence in France.
In Saudi Arabia it is used as a Medicinal plant: Medicinal properties and uses: febrifuge. The plant is used as a remedy for fever and paralysis.