|Scientific name:||Fagonia arabica L.|
|Synonym name:||Fagonia cretica L.|
|Common name:||Cretan prickly clover|
|Hebrew name:||פגוניה ערבית|
|Family:||Zygophyllaceae, Bean Caper or Caltrop family, זוגניים|
|Life form:||Chamaephyte, semi-shrub|
|Leaves:||Opposite, compound, trifoliolate, smooth, spinescense stipules|
|Inflorescence:||Solitary axillary flowers|
|Flowers:||Pink solitary flowers, 5 free, mucronate sepals; 5 free, clawed, imbricate, caduceus petals; 10 free stamens, inserted on a disc; filaments filiform, without appendages; 5-celled sessile ovary; 2 ovules at the base of each cell; 5-angled style persistent; simple stigma|
|Fruits / pods:||Septicidal capsule fruit, pentagonous, deeply 5-lobed, splitting along the axis into 5 carpals; carpals 1-seeded; seeds ovate or ovate-oblong, compressed, with mucillaginous coat|
|Flowering Period:||April, May, June|
|Distribution:||Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts|
|Chorotype, טיפוס התפוצה:||Saharo-Arabian|
Derivation of the botanical name:
Fagonia, named for Guy-Crescent Fagon (1638 – 1718), a physician and botanist to Louis XIV
arabica, of Arabia.
According to traditional knowledge, Fagonia cretica has medicinal potential, and in present study this information was confirmed at laboratory level by performing different biological assays.
Fagonia cretica attenuates oxidative stress mediated cell injury during OGD (oxygen glucose deprivation).
It is effective in elevating the GSH (glutathione) levels, expression of the gamma-glutamylcysteine ligase and Cytosolic Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu-Zn SOD) genes and may be an effective therapeutic tool against ischemic brain damage.