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Class Dicotyledoneae, dicots, מחלקה דו-פסיגיים

Family Rhamnaceae,
Buckthorn Family, משפחת אשחריים


Shrub or small tree; leaves, simple, alternate or opposite, usually serrated, and sometimes thorns; flowers, usually (but not always) bisexual, mostly regular; 4 to 5 sepals, 4 to 5 (sometimes o) petals, 4 to 5 stamens; stamens alternate with sepals and opposite petals; the ovary is positioned half-inferior and consists of 3 (sometimes 2 or 4) united carpels; fruit, a visibly three-parted capsule or berry with 1 seed per cell.

Genus Rhamnus, אשחר: Genus Sageretia, סגרטיה
Genus Paliurus, שמיר
Genus Ziziphus, שיזף:

Class Dicotyledoneae, dicots, מחלקה דו-פסיגיים, Rhamnus alaternus, Italian Buckthorn, אשחר רחב-עלים,Rhamnus lycioides,Rhamnus palaestinus, Palestine Buckthorn, אשחר ארץ-ישראלי,Ziziphus lotus, Rhamnus lotus, Lotus jujube, Lotus tree, שיזף השיח, Ziziphus spina-christi, Jujube, Christ’s thorn, Atad, שיזף מצוי ,אטד