Ficus microcarpa, Ficus nitida, Ficus retusa, Chinese Banyan Tree,
Malayan Banyan Tree, Indian Laurel, Curtain fig, Laurel rubber,
פיקוס השדרות

Scientific name:  Ficus microcarpa L.f
Synonym name:  Ficus nitida Thunb., Ficus retusa L.
Common name:  Chinese or Malayan banyan tree, Indian Laurel or Curtain fig, Laurel rubber
Hebrew name:  פיקוס השדרות
Family:  Moraceae, Mulberry Family, תותיים

Ficus microcarpa, Ficus nitida, Ficus retusa, Chinese Banyan Tree, Malayan Banyan Tree, Indian Laurel or Curtain fig, Laurel rubber, פיקוס השדרות
Location: Herzliya Pituach, Hanasi street

Life form:  Phanerophyte,tree
Leaves:  alternate, simple, leathery, deep glossy green, oval-elliptic to diamond-shaped, to 13 cm long, with short pointed, ridged tips.
Inflorescence:  Syconium, a hollow, spherical or flask-shaped inflorescence lined on the inside with numerous minute, apetalous, unisexual flowers
Flowers:  Flowers tiny, unisexual, numerous, hidden within the “fig,” a fleshy, specialized receptacle that develops into a multiple fruit (syconium), this green turning to yellow or dark red when ripe, sessile, in pairs at leaf axils, small, to 1 cm in diameter. What appear to be fruits are actually the flowers enclosed in pods
Flowering Period:  April, May, June, July
Habitat:  Humid
Distribution:  Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes
Chorotype:  Med - Irano-Turanian
Summer shedding:  Perenating

Ficus microcarpa, Ficus nitida, Ficus retusa, Chinese or Malayan banyan, Indian Laurel or Curtain fig, Laurel rubber, פיקוס השדרות
Location: Tel Aviv, Park HaYarkon (Ganei Yehoshua)


Derivation of the botanical name:
Ficus, Latin for Ficus carica. The Latin words for fig - ficus, fica (and from them the English word "fig"), derive from the Hebrew word pag פג, meaning "unripe fig". Today the word pag refers to a premature infant.
microcarpa, micro, "small"; -carpa, -fruit; meaning small-fruited.
nitida,shining, polished.
retusa, with a rounded shallowly notched end.
  • The standard author abbreviation L. is used to indicate Carl Linnaeus (1707 – 1778), a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, the father of modern taxonomy.
  • The standard author abbreviation L.f. is used to indicate Carolus Linnaeus the Younger (1741 – 1783), a Swedish naturalist.
  • The standard author abbreviation Thunb. is used to indicate Carl Peter Thunberg (1743 – 1828), a Swedish naturalist.
The Ficus microcarpa is introduced into Israel from India by the British in the twenties of the previous century.
Ficus can only reproduce if they are pollinated by mutualistic wasps - Ficus microcarpa and its pollinator Parapristina verticillata.


Ficus microcarpa, Ficus nitida, Ficus retusa, Chinese or Malayan banyan, Indian Laurel or Curtain fig, Laurel rubber, פיקוס השדרות
Location: Herzliya Pituach, Hanasi street



Ficus microcarpa, Ficus nitida, Ficus retusa, Chinese or Malayan banyan, Indian Laurel or Curtain fig, Laurel rubber, פיקוס השדרות
Location: Herzliya Pituach, Hanasi street